Welcome to the Single National Curriculum (SNC) Feedback Portal.

Here you will find a DRAFT version of updates to the curriculum for ECCE to Grade 12. Please give your feedback on all material shared.

After feedback is incorporated, SNC for Grades 6-8 will be notified for implementation in the Academic Year starting in 2022. First round of feedback for these grades is due on December 20, 2021.

An updated curriculum for ECCE to Grade 5 and for Grades 9-12 will be notified later, for implementation in the Academic Year starting 2023.



SNC - SOCIAL STUDIES (1-12) - Progression Grid

Domain X: Disciplines within a learning area. Example # 1: History, Geography, Economics and Civics are domains in Social Studies. Hence, History could be Domain A, Geography Domain B, and so on. Example # 2: Oral communication (Domain A), Reading (B), Writing (C) and Media Literacy (D) are domains in English (or other language-based subjects)

Domains: Citizenship, Culture and Diversity, State and Government, History, Geography, Economics

Domain 1: Citizenship

Standard 1: All students will develop an understanding of citizenship, good character, responsibilities, diversity and tolerance by observing some common etiquettes.


Grade 4

Grade 5

Benchmark I: Students will be able to describe rights and responsibilities of a citizen, global citizen, and digital/cyber citizenship.

Benchmark II: Students will be able to identify basic human rights

Benchmark III: Students will be able to identify and practice common etiquette for peace and harmony in society

Define and differentiate between the terms/concept citizen, global citizen, and digital/cyber citizenship.

Recognize the ethics of being digital citizens when connected online, how to deal with differences of opinion.


Define the term ‘Human Rights.

Differentiate between rights and responsibilities.

Understand that all individuals have equal rights, irrespective of religious and ethnic differences, and learn to respect individual differences in opinion.

Explain the importance of freedom of speech and demonstrate using it appropriately.



Additional/Advanced SLO:

Identify the fundamental human rights as stated by the UN Charter.


Understand the term ‘Tolerance.

Describe the importance of living in harmony with each other by accepting differences (social and cultural).

Recognize the causes of disagreements at the personal and peer level, household and neighborhood level.



Reflect on their own and the societys common etiquettes in todays world.



Domain 2: Culture and Diversity

Standard 2: All students will learn about the coexistence of diverse groups of people in Pakistan as a nation.

Grade 4

Grade 5

Benchmark I: Students to be able the concept of nation and nationalism

Benchmark II: Students will be able to understand and appreciate diversity with respect to cultures, gender, religion, ethnicities, differently–abled in Pakistan



Describe the concept of ‘nation and ‘nationalism


Relate with being a proud part of a nation


Describe culture and its components.

Understand the term ‘diversity


Understand the cultural diversity of Pakistan (religion, crafts, languages, festival, clothing, popular events, folk songs, foods, and art)

Identify the major diverse groups and their key characteristics in Pakistani society: gender including the transgender community, religions, ethnicities, mixed abilities - physical and mental



Recognize how different minorities celebrate their festivals


Explain how diversity aids society to prosper.

Identify and appreciate aspects of diverse cultures of Pakistan in different regions.


Recognize how different minorities celebrate their festivals





Recall the diverse cultural groups living in Pakistan.

Describe inclusion and explain its benefits for a nation

List ways in which Pakistan can be made more inclusive for women, transgender community, religious and ethnic minorities, and mixed ability groups

Explain shared values and norms amongst diverse cultures of Pakistan (hospitality, sports, events, resilience)



Identify the norms and advantages of a multicultural society.



Describe the term “Interfaith Harmony” and express ways in which different religions can coexist peacefully in Pakistan




Benchmark IV: Students will be able to describe various forms of communication and their advantages and disadvantages



List and describe forms of communication

Describe the concept of mass media and social media

Investigate their respective advantages and disadvantages

Investigate how forms of communication have evolved with time.

Recognize the need to verify information received through social media and mass media

Domain 3: State and Government

Standard 3: All students will identify the purpose of a government and describe the components of a democratic government i.e. legislature, executive and judiciary used to make decisions, seek consensus and resolve conflicts.


Grade 4

Grade 5

Benchmark I: Describe how the government is formed and organized (including differences in local, provincial, and national governments)

Demonstrate the voting process and how the government is formed


Define and Differentiate between State and Government



Discuss the qualities of a good leader

Give reasons for the need of a federal government.

Compare the formation of government at federal, provincial and local levels.

Explain the interdependence between federal, provincial and local governments in Pakistan


Additional/Advanced SLO:

Describe the concept of a constitution

Describe and analyze the need and importance of a Constitution

Define the term ‘General Elections

Additional/Advanced SLO:

Discuss the rights and responsibilities of a Pakistani citizen according to the 1973 Constitution. * Describe the Importance of Rule of law against unjust and illegal activities.

Describe the term ‘Leader and discuss their qualities

Describe the organs of a government: Legislature , Executive, Judiciary

Distinguish between rules and laws and how they help create a just and healthy political environment in a country.

Describe the concept of democracy as the most popular system of government and describe why it is the preferred form


Describe the formation and function of political parties, how do they contest elections according to their Manifesto



Domain 4: History

Standard 5: All students will learn major historical events chronologically and enlist key historical events from pre-historic man and early civilizations to date. The students will also be able to recognize the international and national events and personalities.

Grade 4

Grade 5

Benchmark I: Describe the advent of civilizations, their timelines and the chronology of major historical events

Benchmark II: Describe the main events and major contributions that led to the formation of Pakistan

Benchmark III: Explain the role of minorities and regions/provinces in the formation of Pakistan

Define History

Identify ancient civilizations along major rivers of the world (Mesopotamia/Nile Valley (Egyptian)/Indus valley/Gandhara) along with their timeline

Describe significant aspects of daily life and social organization/governance of at least one of the early civilizations (Mesopotamia/Chinese/Egyptian/Indus valley).

Core: Indus Valley Civilization


Additional/Advanced SLO:

Mesopotamia/Chinese/Egyptian/Indus valley

Describe the salient features of at least one of the ancient civilizations (Mesopotamia/Nile Valley (Egyptian)/ Indus valley/Gandhara)

Describe the main events that led to the creation of Pakistan

Explain the regions/provinces contribution in the creation of Pakistan.

Describe the role of minorities in the creation of Pakistan


Understand the role of at least two historical personalities in the creation of Pakistan (Sir Syed A. Khan, Ch. Rehmat Ali, Hafeez Jalhandari, Fatima Jinnah, Begum Liaqat Ali)


Match the historical personalities with their contribution in creation of Pakistan.

Describe the role of at least 2 historical personalities (Quaid-e-Azam, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Begum Rana Liaquat Ali, Begum Jahan Ara Shahnawaz.)

Domain 5: Geography

Standard 6: All students will learn to read the globe/map, along with the ability to use it to enhance their understanding of geography, landforms and various physical features of Pakistan. They will understand the interaction between land and its people, weather, and climate. They will develop an awareness of the prevalence and management of natural disasters and the required safety measures. Students will be able to develop an understanding of population and its implications. The teacher will adapt standards and benchmarks according to individual needs of the students..



Grade 4

Grade 5

Benchmark I: Students will be able to find and locate places on a map using BOLT, scale and longitudes and latitudes

Benchmark II: Students will be able to identify various landforms and their distinctive features

Benchmark III: Students will be able to explain how the physical environment affects the lifestyle of people

Benchmark IV: Students will be able to determine how people affects the physical environment

Benchmark V: Students will be able to recognize various natural disasters and their describe safety measures in case of each

Benchmark VI : Students will be able to explain the effects of imbalance of population and resources

Enlist the uses of maps and globes

Identify the key elements of a map/globe

locate all continents and major oceans/seas

Recognize the concept of directions with the help of cardinal points and Compass

Apply the concept of BOLTS with the help of a map.

Define Scale in reading maps and its types with the help of diagrams.

Apply the concept of BOLTS with the help of a political or physical map.

Recognize the characteristics of latitudes, longitudes and Time Zone

Use latitudes and longitudes in determining location through Grid Reference.



Additional/Advanced SLO:

Recognize different types of maps e.g. Road map, Tourist map, Weather map, Political map, Topographical map

Identify major land forms and their types in Pakistan.

Briefly describe the distinctive characteristics / features of each physical region of Pakistan.


Define and distinguish between weather and climate.

Explain the effect of the physical environment on the lifestyle of people in Pakistan.

* Explain how human activities have changed the natural environment (e.g. deforestation, building dams, industry etc. (Positive and negative impact)

Identify the importance and interconnectedness of Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)



Additional/Advanced SLO:

Emphasize the importance of sustainability in how people interact with their natural environment

Describe the consequences of non-sustainable actions

Describe factors that determine/affect climate



Explain the concept of global warming


Analyze impact of Global Warming on climate change.



Identify different occupations of people (agriculture, mining and industry)



Reflect on which occupation appeals the most to them


Define the terms Population and Census.

Explain the importance of Census.

Describe the distribution of population in the region and give a map of the region/province. Enlist the major problems caused by over population.

Define the term Growth Rate and Population Density

Describe the factors affecting population increase in Pakistan.

Describe the impact of population increase on quality of daily life in the students community.


Explain how common natural disasters occur (Floods, Earthquakes, Cyclones, Avalanches).and how they affect human life.

Describe the concept and need for food security in Pakistan

* Suggest safety measures that can be taken in case of natural disasters (such as Floods and Earthquakes (before, during and after)).



Additional/Advanced SLO:

Investigate how at least one natural disaster in the past affected the affected areas and its population

Domain 6: Economics

Standard 1: All students will describe how resources and choices regarding production, distribution and consumption of goods and services affect the well-being of the individual and society


Standard 2: All students will describe the economic system of Pakistan, along with the role of banks in enhancing the trade activities for individuals and businesses.

Grade 4

Grade 5

Benchmark I: Students will be able to explain how people and societies make economic decisions

Benchmark II: Students will be able to identify key elements of an economy (goods and services, producers and consumers)

Benchmark III: Students will be able to causes and types of inflation and how it affects the buying power of people

Benchmark IV: Students will be able to inquire what is ‘entrepreneurship and demonstrate their entrepreneurial skills

Benchmark V: Students will be able to describe the importance of international trade for the development of Pakistan

Benchmark VI: Students will be able to discuss the importance of money management and how banks help in this process

Recall the concept of scarcity

Recognize how choices are made according to ones personal needs and resources

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Define the terms Goods and Services and list some examples

Recall the terms Goods and Services.

Differentiate between public and private goods and services

Identify the function of consumers and producers

Differentiate between producers and consumers; and demonstrate their interdependence through an activity in class



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Define and differentiate between different types of entrepreneurships (production, trade, services, manufacturing) with examples of businesses from Pakistan

Read stories of at least one male and one female entrepreneur from Pakistan


Recognize entrepreneurial skills and competencies

Discuss the contribution of at least two Pakistani entrepreneurs (one male and one female)

Create and present their own hypothetical business/enterprise

Define Trade, Business, and E-commerce

Identify the major imports and exports of Pakistan.



Define trade, export and imports.

Describe the importance of International Trade for the development of Pakistan.

Identify major means of Transportation in Trade and Business


Define the term “Inflation” and how it affects purchasing power of people

Enumerate different causes and types of inflation



Additional/Advanced SLO:

Identify the importance of taxes and government loans to pay for goods and services (roads, hospitals, schools, electricity etc.)

* Describe the role and importance of money in peoples lives.

* Apply economics and money management in personal life (pocket money, expenditure, and savings).


Trace the history of coins and paper money in the sub-continent

* Narrate with examples the evolution of money, trade via barter system before money was introduced



Additional/Advanced SLO:

Identify the currencies of different countries.


Describe banking

Identify services provided by banks.

Explain the role of Commercial Banks in the lives of individuals and businesses.

* Identify the role of The State Bank of Pakistan.