Welcome to the Single National Curriculum (SNC) Feedback Portal.

Here you will find a DRAFT version of updates to the curriculum for ECCE to Grade 12. Please give your feedback on all material shared.

After feedback is incorporated, SNC for Grades 6-8 will be notified for implementation in the Academic Year starting in 2022. First round of feedback for these grades is due on December 20, 2021.

An updated curriculum for ECCE to Grade 5 and for Grades 9-12 will be notified later, for implementation in the Academic Year starting 2023.



SNC - PHYSICS (9 - 12) - Progression Grid

Domain A: General Physics

Standard Y:



Matriculation

Intermediate

Grade 9

Grade 11

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for promoting to Learning Level 11-12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for progression toward completion of high school

Student Learning Outcomes

Introduction to Physics and Physical Quantities and Measurement

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently introduce physics and its branches and real life applications of physics

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently use physical quantities and apply them to solve real life problems.



[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently recognise and use the conventions and symbols contained in ‘Signs, Symbols and Systematics,



[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently measure a variety of lengths with appropriate accuracy using tapes, rules, micrometers and calipers.



[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently describe how to measure a variety of time intervals using clocks and stopwatches.

  1. Introduction and Measurement in Physics:



SLO#1, After studying this chapter, student will be able to distinguish between basic and derived system of quantities and units.

SLO#2, Students also able to convert the units into each other. They easily solve the daily life problems and ambiguities involving units and belonging to devices.

SLO#3, Students able to remove errors and uncertainties in measurements and find the significant figures from any calculations.

SLO#4 After the completion of this chapter, students easily Derive the formulae through dimensional analysis and check the homogeneity of the equations .






















Domain B: Mechanics

Standard Y: The long-term learning goals and understandings for a particular lesson, chapter or the whole course.



Matriculation

Intermediate

Grade 9

Grade 11

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for promoting to Learning Level 11-12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for progression toward completion of high school

Student Learning Outcomes

Vectors and Motion

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently recognize the scalar and vector quantities and graphically represent vectors.

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently differentiate between rest and motion and explain different types of motion also describe the terms associated with motion and utilize these terms to solve real life problems linked with the motion of objects.

[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently plot graphs with an appropriate scale and interpret the significance of slopes, intercepts and areas in certain graphs.

Mass, Weight and Density

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently define mass and describe how mass is effected by an external force.

[SLO 2] Student will be able to independently recognize mass and weight as two different entities and can measure these quantities using appropriate instruments or devices.

[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently define the concept of density and use the formula of density to find volume and density of solids and liquids using the formula of density.



Forces

[SLO1] Students will be able to independently determine whether forces are balanced or unbalanced and identify the effects of these forces on motion.

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe friction and its effect on the motion of different objects from microscopic to macroscopic level.

[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe qualitatively motion in a circular path due to a constant perpendicular force, including electrostatic forces on an electron in an atom, gravitational forces on a satellite and discuss how ideas of circular motion are related to the motion of planets in the solar system .

[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently describe momentum and impulse and apply law of conservation of momentum to solve real life problems.



Turning Effect of Forces

[SLO 1] Student will be able to independently state and verify principle of moments and apply it to solve real life problems

[SLO 2] Student will be able to independently describe centre of mass and its effect on stability of the objects

Transfer of Energy and its Sources

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently define work and calculate its equation and apply to solve real life problems.

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe and its various forms and can correlate energy transfer and energy conservation

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently derive formulae of kinetic energy and potential energy can use them to solve real life problems.



[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently list renewable and non-renewable sources of energy and describe various processes of conversion of energy and can draw energy flow diagram of different real life systems.

[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently state mass energy equation E = mc2 and solve problems using it.

[SLO 5] Students will be able to independently define and calculate efficiency of a system and justify why 100% efficiency of a system cannot be attained.

[SLO 6] Students will be able to independently define power and calculate its equation and apply to solve real life problems.

Deformation

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe elasticity and its effects and will also interpret it graphically and they will also calculate extensions in elastic solids .



Pressure

[SLO 1] Student will be independently explain variation in pressure and measure atmospheric pressure

[SLO 2] Student will be independently describe hydrostatic pressure and explain the transmission of pressure in hydraulic systems with real life examples describe how a change in volume of a fixed mass of gas at constant temperature is caused by a change in pressure applied to the gas(P1V1=P2V2).


Vectors and Scalars

SLO#1, After studying this chapter, students differentiate between vector and scalar quantities and define types of vectors.

SLO#2After that student learn about resolution of vector, addition of vectors by different methods and multiplication of vectors.

SLO#3, After the completion of this chapter, students understand the several aspects of the vector algebra and its applications. Vectors have many real life applications.

Introduction to Forces and types of forces

SLO#1, In this chapter, students understand in detail about force and types of forces. Students easily understand in this chapter effects of forces on the different objects.

SLO#2, After the completion of this chapter, students understand the Newtons law of motion in detail and applications of Newtons law in daily life.

SLO#3 Students also gain the knowledge about real and apparent weight.



Linear Motion and Projectile Motion

SLO#1, In the start of this chapter there is a short introduction about rest and motion. After that, students understand the displacement, velocity, acceleration with different graphical representations.

SLO#2, At the end of this chapter, students understand the equations of motion, linear momentum, law of conservation of momentum, elastic collision just proof with examples .

SLO#3 After the completion of this chapter, students understand about projectile motion, and symmetry in projectile motion and its practical applications in real life .



Work, Energy and Power

SLO#1, In the start of this chapter, students understand about an overview of energy, types of energy, work done in detail.



SLO#2, After the completion of this chapter, students gain the knowledge about work-energy theorem, absolute potential energy,



SLO#3,Students understand about different energy resources, and energy losses in practical life .



Circular Motion

SLO#1, In this chapter, students will be understand about circular motion in detail, motion in a horizontal and vertical circle, conical pendulum, centripetal force, moment of inertia and torque .



SLO#2, students will be easily understand about angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum, kinetic energy of rotation, P.E. of a rigid body.



SLO#3 After the completion of this chapter, students will be able to understand work and power in rotational motion, concept of weightlessness, free fall in spaceship.



Fluid Dynamics

SLO#1, In the start of this chapter there will be a short introduction about fluid mechanics, real fluids, viscosity and stokes law, laminar and turbulent flow.

SLO#2, After the completion of this chapter, students understand about Equation of continuity, terminal velocity, Bernoullis equation and its applications in real life.



Domain C:Thermal Physics

Standard Y:



Matriculation

Intermediate

Grade 9

Grade 11

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for promoting to Learning Level 11-12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for progression toward completion of high school

Student Learning Outcomes

Kinetic Model of Matter

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently distinguish between the properties and molecular structure of solids, liquids and gases and relate the properties to the motion of the molecules.

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently recognize plasmas as fourth state of matter



[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe evaporation and various factors which effects the rate of evaporation and state the reason why evaporation causes cooling.



Transfer of Heat

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently distinguish between conductors and insulators and apply the importance of conductors and insulators in real life.

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe how heat in transfer in solids, liquids and gases and its application in real life.



[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe how physical characteristics of bodies effect the absorption and emission of radiations.



Temperature

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently recall temperature and describe the process and device to measure it also discuss sensitivity, range and linearity of thermometers and also convert scales of thermometer into each other to solve real life problems.

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe the structure and action of liquid-in-glass thermometers (including clinical) and of a thermocouple thermometer, showing an appreciation of its use for measuring high temperatures and those which vary rapidly and describe how it affects sensitivity, range and linearity.



Thermal Properties of Matter

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the fundamental terms associated with thermal properties of matter and also use these formulas to solve real life problems.



[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe solidification and condensation in terms of energy without a change in temperature and define the terms associated with it.

[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently differentiate between boiling and evaporation.



[SLO 4] Students will be able to explain latent heat in terms of molecular behaviour and calculate heat transfer.

[SLO 5] Students will be able to independently describe qualitatively thermal expansion in different states of matter and its applications and consequence in everyday life.



[SLO 6] Students will be able to independently describe qualitatively the effect of a change of temperature on the volume of a gas at constant pressure.

Temperature and Heat

SLO#1, In the start of this chapter, students learn about the difference between heat and temperature, convection, conduction and radiation.



SLO#2, After that student learn about heat, work and internal energy, (reversible and irreversible process in the side information), heat capacity, (latent heat in the side information ).



SLO#3, In the end of this chapter, students will be understand about cooling effect of evaporation and temperature scale with the practical applications.



Laws of thermodynamics

SLO#1, In this chapter students understand about thermodynamic system, zeroth law of thermodynamic, first and second law of thermodynamics with practical application.



SLO#2, Students will understand about heat engine, Carnot cycle, (refrigerator in the side information), entropy in detail.



SLO#3, After the completion of this chapter, students understand about adiabatic process, isothermal process, isochoric process, isobaric process with the daily life examples.


















Domain D: Oscillations and Waves

Standard Y:



Matriculation

Intermediate

Grade 10

Grade 12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for promoting to Learning Level 11-12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for progression toward completion of high school

Student Learning Outcomes

General Properties of Waves


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe wave and terms associated with it and apply formula of wave motion to solve real life problems.



[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe wave motions and types motion as illustrated by vibrations in ropes and springs and by experiments using a ripple tank.





[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe transverse and longitudinal waves in such a way as to illustrate the differences between them.



[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently describe how waves can undergo refraction, reflection, diffraction and interference.



[SLO5] Student will be able to independently define Simple Harmonic Motion and state its conditions also explain SHM with examples of simple pendulum, ball and bowl method and also use to solve real life problems.



Light

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the terms associated with reflection of light and illustrate laws of reflection and state condition of reflection



[SLO 2]describe an experiment to find the position and characteristics of an optical image formed by a plane mirror.



[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe the terms associated with refraction of light and describe experiment to illustrate refraction through glass block and state Snells law.



[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently describe total internal reflection and its experiments also all the terms associated with it.



[SLO 5] Students will be able to independently describe the use of optical fibres in telecommunications and state the advantages of their use.



[SLO 5] Students will be able to independently describe the use of optical fibres in telecommunications and state the advantages of their use.



[SLO 6] Students will be able to independently describe action of lenses on a beam of light also define the terms associated with lens formula and draw ray diagrams to obtain images, also describe use of lenses in various devices and application of lenses in short and long sightedness.



Electromagnetic Spectrum

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe dispersion of light as illustrated by the refraction of white light by a glass prism



[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe electromagnetic waves and its properties and recognize the main components of electromagnetic spectrum in different application.

Sound

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the production of sound waves and recognize the importance of medium for the sound waves to travel and can determine speed of sound.

[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently recognize the characteristics of sound and role of these characteristics of sound in the production of various types of sound and also describe the phenomenon of echo

[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently state range of audible frequency and explain ultrasound and its real life applications


Simple harmonic Motion

SLO#1, In this chapter, students understand about oscillations, SHM, characteristics of SHM etc., and simple pendulum.



SLO#2, After that in this chapter, students will be easily understand about total energy in SHM, mass-spring system.



SLO#3 After the completion of this chapter, students understand the free and damped oscillations, resonance and their practical application at the end of this chapter.



Waves

SLO#1, In this chapter, students will be understand about waves, mechanical waves, periodic mechanical waves, reflections of waves and superposition.



SLO#2, At the end of this chapter, students will be understand about speed of sound, interference, beats.



SLO#3, After the completion of this chapter, students understand about Doppler effect and its practical applications .



Light Waves (Physical Optics)

SLO#1, In the start of this chapter, there will be a small introduction for students about wave nature of light, wave fronts, Huygens principle with proper diagrams related to the daily life examples.



SLO#2, After that student will learn about interference, youngs double slits experiment, Michelsons interferometer. Students will learn about interference of light in thin films from side information.



SLO#3, At the end of this chapter, students will also learn about diffraction of light in detail with proper daily life examples, polarization, three dimensional viewing.




Domain E: Electricity and Magnetism

Standard Y:



Matriculation

Intermediate

Grade 10

Grade 12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for promoting to Learning Level 11-1

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for progression toward completion of high school

Student Learning Outcomes

Magnetism

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the forces between magnetic poles and between magnetic and non-magnetic material also state the difference between magnetic and nonmagnetic materials and induced magnetism.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently state the difference between temporary magnet, electromagnet and permanents magnets also describe their properties and uses in real life.


Static Electricity

[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the terms and properties of terms associated with electrostatics and state the difference between charging by friction and charging by induction.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe the laws of electrostatics and their applications in everyday life.


Current Electricity


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe current, and ways to measure it and use its equation to solve real life problems.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently explain electromotive force and how it is measured and calculate total emf in different electric circuits.


[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe potential difference in detail and ways to measure it.


[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently describe resistance in detail and ways to measure it also state ohms law and its limitations and graphically calculate the effect of temperature on the resistance of a resistor


[SLO 5] Students will be able to independently calculate the net effect of a number of resistors in series and in parallel and can draw circuits using different components of circuits and perform calculations for finding different variables.


[SLO 6] Students will be able to independently state the uses of electricity and calculate the cost of using electric appliances.


[SLO 7] Students will be able to independently state dangers of electricity and describe the safe use of electricity at home.


Electromagnetism


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe experiments to show force of on a current carrying and its effects in the presence of electric and magnetic field.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe the complete structure of dc motor and explain how turning effect is used in the working of electric motor.


Electromagnetic Induction


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe how induced emf can be produced in a circuit and the factors that affect its magnitude of induced emf.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently state Lenzs law and explain its application on ac generators and plot a voltage time graph.


[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently state Faradays law of electromagnetic induction and explain its application on transformer also stae the advantages of high voltage transmission and discuss impact on environment of using underground power transmission



Introductory Electronics


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently discuss the process of thermionic emission and its requirements and describe how electron beam is deflected in electric and magnetic field and describe the use of oscilloscope


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently explain the importance of colour codes while choosing resistors and describe the need of using different value resistors.


[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently describe the action and use of different components in different devices


Electronics System


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the switching and logic circuits and explain its real life applications.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently describe logic gates and their purpose also can draw truth table for various logic gate




Electrostatics

[SLO 1...]students will be able to understand the charge and its type, laws associated with electrostatics, Electric fields, applications of electrostatics, and about the devices that uses the electrostatics.

Current Electricity



[SLO 2] students will be able to explain the generation of current, effects of current and sources which provide the current. Also, explains the laws associated with current, resistance, resistivity and effects of temperature on resistance and resistivity. Devices in which current is flowing. Students also understand the current controlling devices.















Motion of Charge particles in Electric and Magnetic Fields



, students will be able to explain the effects of electric field and magnetic field on moving charge. The applications are explained in detail like Millikans oil drop method, CRO, path traced by moving charges, mass spectrograph, force on moving charge and charge to mass ratio of electrons. Students also able to solve the daily life scientific problems related to Electric fields and magnetic fields.



Magnetic Effects of Current


students will be able to explain the magnetic field around the current carrying conductor and force on it when placed in external magnetic field. The magnetic field also uses in generation of current and in practical applications devices like generators, transformers and galvanometers etc.





Alternating Current and Generating the EM Waves

, students will be able to explain the terms related to alternating current like time period, frequency, RMS values etc. Students also able to understand the working of devices operated through the AC source like acceptor and rejector circuits etc. Students able differentiate among different type of EM wave and their generation through Maxwells Equation.









Properties of Solids


students will be able to explain the terms types of solids, stress, strain and moduli. Students will understand the concept mechanical properties, electrical properties, magnetic properties of conductors, semiconductors and insulator.



Domain F: Atomic Physics

Standard Y:



Matriculation

Intermediate

Grade 10

Grade 12

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for promoting to Learning Level 11-1

Benchmark I: An intermediate-term learning goal and understanding the child must achieve for progression toward completion of high school

Student Learning Outcomes

The Nuclear Atom


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe structure of atom and explain the experiment for the evidence of nucleus also describe the composition of nucleus and atomic particles.


[S LO 2] Students will be able to independently define the terms associated with atomic structure of atom.


Radioactivity


[SLO 1] Students will be able to independently describe the detection of radioactivity and explain the characteristics of three types of radiations also state the bahaviour of three types of emission.


[SLO 2] Students will be able to independently explain what is radioactive decay and describe the processes of fusion and fission and describe the application of fission reactor in power station.


[SLO 3] Students will be able to independently define half-life and make calculations based on half-life which might involve information in tables or shown by decay curves.


[SLO 4] Students will be able to independently describe the method to handle radioactive materials and state their uses in everyday life also list the safety precautions of using radioactive materials.

[SLO 1...]





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