Welcome to the Single National Curriculum (SNC) Feedback Portal.

Here you will find a DRAFT version of updates to the curriculum for ECCE to Grade 12. Please give your feedback on all material shared.

After feedback is incorporated, SNC for Grades 6-8 will be notified for implementation in the Academic Year starting in 2022. First round of feedback for these grades is due on December 20, 2021.

An updated curriculum for ECCE to Grade 5 and for Grades 9-12 will be notified later, for implementation in the Academic Year starting 2023.



SNC - Pakistan Studies Grade 9-10 Curriculum

*This document is still awaiting completion.

DOMAIN: Knowledge and understanding of people, events, changes in past

Standard: (Cultural and historical background to the Pakistan Movement)

Benchmark:

By the end of this unit student will be able to highlight the causes and the consequences of muslim downfall and efforts of the Reformers to uplift the condition of Muslims in the Subcontinent.

Student Learning Outcomes

By the end of this standard students will be able to answer given questions

  • How successful were the religious thinkers in spreading Islam in the subcontinent during the 18th and 19th centuries?

  • What were the causes and consequences of the decline of the Mughal Empire?

  • What were the causes and consequences of the War of Independence?

  • How important was the work of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to the development of the Pakistan Movement during the 19th Century?


Knowledge:

Students will know...

  • What is a timeline? How is it made?

  • How important is it for understanding history in chronological order?


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • Trace the importance of timeline in the learning of History


  • British arrival as traders, expansion of their rule in the Sub Continent in the sub-continent from 1757 to 1857

  • Wars such as Plassey and Buxar

  • India under British rule


  • Develop an argument on the arrival, expansion and rule of British EIC and categorising the causes and effects of War of Independence 1857 as a result of British rule in the Sub-Continent.

  • Assessing the rule of British in the Sub Continent and tracing the links of colonialism and its impact on Pakistan and India

  • Long terms and short term causes and consequences of the war of 1857


  • Investigating and categorising the long and short term causes of the War of Independence.

  • Role of Mujadid Alf Sani

  • How important were the religious reforms of Shah Walliullah?

  • Influence of Syed Ahmad Shaheed Barelvi on the revival of Islam?

  • Influence of Haji Shariatullah and the Faraizi Movement.

  • Create an awareness of the movements  initiated by these Religious reformers

  • Analyze their movement and

  • Assess the success and failure of these movements

 



  • Sir Syeds contribution to education, politics and religion.

  • Iqbal and his role in development of Pakistan Movement

  • Choudhry Rehmat Ali and “Now or Never” composition of word PAKISTAN

  • Using primary source; poetry of Iqbal (خطاب بہ نوجوانان اسلام), Lahore Resolution and Pamphlet Now or never* for better understanding about their point of view

  • Creating comparative analysis about their roles in Pakistan Movement

*http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00islamlinks/txt_rahmatali_1933.html


Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions

  • Quizzes

  • AFL techniques


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities

  • Teacher will explain the importance of Timeline and help students making it

  • Teachers will help students to create a Web to further explain the causes and effects of War of Independence.

  • Teacher will ask students to create a table listing the problems identified by Shah Walliullah and the solutions he suggested. They can evaluate how effectively he solved each problem by giving a mark out of 10 and justifying their scores.

  • Teachers will ask students for a ‘living graph to show the actions of Syed Ahmad Barelvi and their successes. (A living graph is a chronological timeline with a vertical axis to show degree of success)

  • Teachers will ask students to identify the causes, key features and consequences of the Faraizi movement and show this as a flow diagram.

  • Teacher will ask students to find out about the background of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and the reasons for his work.

  • Teacher will ask students to use a range of resources to evaluate the impact his work made to education, politics and religion. They should develop a system to evaluate the relative strengths of his actions.

  • How far does Sir Syed Ahmad Khan deserve to be described as the ‘Founding Father of Pakistan?












DOMAIN: Sequencing of events (Chronological understanding)

Standard: Knowing the background and development of Pakistan

Benchmark:

By the end of this unit students will be able to discuss, explain and assess the importance of the given events and incidents helped to creation of Pakistan and setting Pakistan on the road to development under the tenures of different Governor Generals, Presidents and Prime Ministers.

Student Learning Outcomes

Knowing the events led to the creation of Pakistan and development of Pakistan as Nation state


Knowledge:

Students will trace the development of Pakistan Movement (Pre Independence

(1905-1947)

  • Partition of Bengal 1905

  • Simla Deputation 1906

  • Formation of Muslim League 1906

  • Minto Morley Reforms 1909

  • Cancellation of Partition of Bengal 1911

  • Quaid Joined Muslim League 1913

  • Kawnpur Mosque Tragedy 1913

  • WWI 1914-1918

  • Lacknow Pact 1916

  • Montague Chelmsford Reforms 1919

  • Rowlett Act 1919

  • Jallianwala Bagh tragedy 1919

  • Khilafat Movement and co Movement 1919-1922

  • Delhi Proposals 1927

  • Simon Commission 1927

  • Nehru Report 1928

  • 14 Points Of Quaid 1929

  • Round Table conferences 1930-1932

  • Salt March 1930

  • Gandhi Irwin Pact

  • Communal Award

  • Allahabad Address of Iqbal 1930

  • Ch. Rehmat Ali (Now or Never) 1933

  • Quaid took over Muslim League 1934

  • Government of India Act 1934

  • Elections and Rule of Congress 1937

  • WW II and Resignation of Congress, Celebration of Day of Deliverance 1939

  • Pakistan Resolution 1940

  • Cripps Mission 1942

  • Quit India Movement 1942

  • Jinnah Gandhi talks 1944

  • Simla Conference 1945

  • Elections (Muslim League declared victorious ) 1945/6

  • Cabinet mission Plan 1946

  • Direct Action Day 1946

  • Partition Proposal 1947

  • Independence Act 1947

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  •  Assess the importance of the given events in the road to Independence

  • Their assessment will be based on

  • The background of these events

  • Detail of the events

  • Their impact on the creation of Pakistan

  • Role of important personalities in these events

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities

  • Teacher will help students to analyse the importance of the given events.



DOMAIN: Physical Geography

Standard:

  • Pakistans Natural Topography

  • Climate

Benchmark

Developing understanding about the Topographical and Climatic division of Pakistan

By the end of this unit students will be able to locate topographical feature and recognise them and create the link between topographical features and climate of Pakistan

Student Learning Outcomes

Knowing about natural topography and its impact on the climate in Pakistan.



Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Location of Pakistan in the world (Reference of Cardinal Points, Longitudes and Latitudes )

  • Using paper map and Google Map (If Possible)



Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • Locate Pakistan on the map of Pakistan using Cardinal Points and Longitudes and Latitudes

  • Use electronic device to use Google meet(If possible)

  • Impact of topography on climate of Pakistan

  • Factors affecting the climate

  • Effects of climate on life and activities of people of Pakistan

  • Tracing the link of topography with climate

  • Generating discussion about characteristics of different climatic zones in Pakistan.

  • Justify the impact of climate on the life and activities of people of Pakistan

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lessons

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities

  • Teachers will introduce a range of different scales of map, e.g. global, national, regional and local, and discuss the features shown. Students should be introduced to physical and human maps and recognise and discuss the differences between them.

  • Teachers will provide practice giving directions using the points of a compass.

  • A variety of photographs, pictures and drawings should be introduced to students for them to identify and name the specified features from the syllabus e.g. Balochistan Plateau, Sulaiman Range, Safed Koh, Potwar Plateau, Salt Range, Hindu Kush, Karakoram and Himalaya mountain ranges, River Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Kabul, Hab and Dasht, Thar, Thal and Kharan Deserts.

  • This could be done as a starter activity to lessons or as individual lessons.

  • Teachers will help students list the negative and positive impact of Topography.

  • Teachers will help students study a range of maps and graphs showing the variation in temperature and rainfall across Pakistan and describe the distribution. Compare and contrast areas of high / low temperature with areas of high / low precipitation. Describe the distribution of monsoon, depressions and convectional rain. Compare different regions using climate graphs. Practice skills work by drawing and/or completing climate graphs.



DOMAIN: Human Geography

Standard: Discussion about Population and Occupation of Pakistan

Benchmark

  • Identifying, discussing and analyzing the demographic statistics of Pakistan

  • Creating a link between different charters of Human Rights


Student Learning Outcomes

Discussion about Population and Occupation of Pakistan


Knowledge:

Students will learn about ...


  • Demographic Structure,

  • Numeric distribution of (Religion, Age, Gender, Language education, Occupation)

  • Pull and Push Factors and their impact


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • Define Demography and Analysing demographic structure of Pakistan

  • Interpret and Explain the Population Pyramid

  • Identify the push and Pull factors of Migration, impact of internal and external migration and effort to check this migration to avoid its negative impact.

  • Basic Human Rights (rights of women, and minorities) in the perspective of Islam (charter of Medina/ Sultan Mehmad Fatwa/ Quaid e Azam speech to first Con- Assembly). All this reflected in UNO 1st Human Rights Charter 10th Dec 1948

  • Justify the link between different sources explaining the rights of humans


Sources to consult

  • Sultan Mehmad Fatwa/ Quaid e Azam speech to first Con- Assembly). All this reflected in UNO 1st Human Rights Charter 10th Dec 1948


Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.

Learning Activities

  • Teachers will provide different population pyramids and demographic structures to compare and explain.

  • Teachers will help students to understand push and pull factors by showing pictures of magnets.

  • Teachers will help students to explore the positive role of minorities for Pakistan.

  • Teachers will help students to prepare posters on Economic activities in Pakistan under primary, secondary and tertiary Sectors.

DOMAIN: Economic Geography (Awaiting Completion)

Standard: Discussion about Population and Occupation of Pakistan

Benchmark

Assessing the importance of primary, processing and tertiary sector of employment in the economic development of Pakistan

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Main occupations of the people in Pakistan (Population and Employment ) (Primary Processing and Tertiary Sector)

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • Agriculture(Primary sector)

  • Number of people involved in this sector

  • What they work on

  • How do they perform their responsibilities

  • Mining (Primary sector)

  • Number of people involved in this sector

  • How Mining is done

  • Benefits and Problems of Mining industries


  • .

  • Industries (Processing Sector)

  • Number of people involved in this sector

  • Examples of processing industries in Pakistan

  • Processes of manufacturing products

  • Benefits of manufacturing products

  • Trade (Tertiary Sector)

  • Number of People involved in this sector

  • Reasons of Trade

  • Types of Trade

  • Benefits of trade

  • What does Pakistan Trade?

  • Direction of Trade

  • Trading Partners

  • Entrepreneurship

  • What is Entrepreneurship?

  • Importance of Entrepreneurship in the Economy

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities

DOMAIN: Environmental Geography and Natural Resources Sustainability (Issues)

Standard: Discussion about natural resources of Pakistan (sustainability issue)

Benchmark

By the end of the unit students will be able to understand the importance of sustainable resources

Student Learning Outcomes

Discussion about Natural Resources


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Water Resources

  • Water Cycle

  • Indus System and Rivers of Balochistan

  • Uses of water

  • Domestic

  • Industrial

  • Agricultural

  • Irrigation system of Pakistan (Traditional to Modern)

  • Indus Water Treaty

  • Water Pollution

  • Water Logging And Salinity

  • Silting

  • Water Conflicts (National And International)

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • Identify River features on a map.

  • Understand the importance of water.

  • Explain and evaluate the causes of and solutions to the problems of water supply.

  • Understand the value of water as a resource for development.

  • Explain and evaluate how water supply issues can lead to conflict.

  • Forests

  • Percentage of Forests (Required and actual)

  • Types of Forests (Productive and Protection)

  • Kinds of Forests (Alpine to Mangroves)

  • Forests products

  • Benefits of Forests

  • Deforestation (causes and Effects)

  • Curative measures

  • Government Projects

  • Miyawaki

  • Billion Tree Tsunami

  • Understand the reasons for the development of plantations and afforestation in specific areas.

  • Understand the value of forests as a resource for development.

  • Explain the impacts of deforestation.

  • Evaluate the possible solutions to the problems caused by deforestation.

  • Fishing

  • Types of Fishing

  • Aquaculture

  • Fishing Techniques

  • Fishing Spots (Marine and Inland)

  • Fish Farms

  • Overfishing

  • Fish Marketing

  • Describe the fishing methods used in both marine and inland waters.

  • Name examples of fish caught in marine and inland waters and those reared in fish farms.

  • Name examples of fishing ports along the Balochistan and Sindh coasts.

  • Describe the uses of the fish caught.

  • Explain improvements in fishing methods and processing techniques.

  • Understand the problems facing the fishing industry.

  • Power Resources

  • Formation of Minerals

  • Types of Minerals

  • Power Generation

  • Location of

  • Coal

  • Oil

  • Gas

  • Power generation

  • Alternate Energy Resources

  • LNG


  • Identify the main locations of named minerals and know the quantities in which they are extracted and exist as reserves.

  • Understand the extent to which these minerals can be exploited.

  • Describe the environmental problems caused by mineral extraction.

  • Evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources.

  • Understand the sustainability of extraction.

  • Identify the main imported minerals, where they come from and in what quantities

  • Explain and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods of producing electricity from renewable resources.

  • Understand the physical and human conditions that favour the development of multi-purpose hydel schemes.

  • State and explain the factors, both physical and human, which promote or hinder the availability of electricity and other power resources listed, including the feasibility of small-scale, renewable power generation.

  • Explain why the supply of electricity is not sufficient or reliable to develop many parts of Pakistan.

  • Mining and Environment

  • Effects of excessive mining

  • Land deformation

  • Burning of Coal

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities

  • Teacher will make students discuss how mineral extraction affects the environment and produce a mind map e.g. different types of pollution, loss of habitats, soil erosion etc. Describe the problems discussed. They should identify and describe the uses of minerals and what the benefits of developing mineral resources are. Complete a cost benefit analysis weighing up the benefits against the problems of developing Pakistans mineral resources. Students should refer to people, the environment and the economy.



  • Students research and discuss ways of further developing the fishing industry in Pakistan and how it can be sustainable. Evaluate a range of ideas and debate their usefulness / suitability for future development. This should include the pros and cons.


  • Independent internet research to find up to date information on current developments in Pakistan of a variety of power sources being used and / or development, their location, cost and benefits.



SNC - Pakistan Studies Grade 10 Curriculum





DOMAIN: Knowledge and understanding of events, people and changes in past (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

(Cultural and historical background to the Pakistan Movement)


Benchmark

Reviewing the Pakistan Movement using different lenses


Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Role and History of Muslim League in development and creation of Pakistan


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Hindu -Muslim relations in context with the Creation of Pakistan


  • Development of Two Nation Theory as advocated by Sir Syed, Iqbal, Ch Rehmat Ali and Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the making of Pakistan

  • (from the idea of one Nation to Two nations)

  • (extracts from Sir Syed Hayat e javed: extract of Jinnah 1944, comparative poetry of Iqbal)

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


DOMAIN: Sequencing of events (Chronological understanding) (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

Knowing the background and Development of Pakistan

Benchmark

Reviewing the Development of Pakistan in making Nation State

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • (Post- Independence Time 1947-2019)

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Initial Problems of Pakistan, Quaids role in solving these problems

  • Pakistan between 1948-2019

  • Pakistan Under Martial Law

  • Pakistan Under Democratic governments

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


DOMAIN: Foreign Policy (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

Pakistan in the comity of Nations

Benchmark

Differentiating between Foreign Policy and External Relations of Pakistan

Generating awareness about the main characteristics of Pakistans Foreign policy

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Geopolitical Significance of Pakistan and the main Objectives of the foreign Policy

  • External Relations

  • Foreign Policy

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Relationships with the Neighboring Countries

  • North-China

  • CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor)

  • East – India

  • West – Afghanistan

  • Pakistans Role in World Peace Keeping in general and with Afghan in particular(Pak Afghan relation)

  • South West- Iran

  • Kashmir Conflict (past Present and Future prospects)

  • Pakistan Relationships between the Central Asian, SAARC and OIC States

  • Pakistan Relationships between Major World Powers


Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


DOMAIN: Historical Enquiry and Interpretation (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

Pakistan and the international Organisations

Benchmark

Assessing the role of international Organisations in shaping Pakistans foreign Policy

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Pakistan and UNO


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Pakistan in SAARC

  • Causes and consequences of

  • 1948 war

  • 1965 war

  • 1971 war

  • Siachin conflict

  • Terrorism (Afghan Us War and its direct impact)


  • Reference-Military History Primer by Army institute of Military History

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


DOMAIN: Human and Economic Geography (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

Discussion about Population and Occupation of Pakistan

Benchmark

Creating awareness about the Demographic structure of Pakistan

Generating discussion about the Main occupations of Pakistan with reference to Primary, Processing and Tertiary sectors of Employment.


Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Assessing demographic structure of Pakistan (numeric) (language, Age, Gender, Religion and Occupation, Migration , Push and Pull factors)

  • Importance of Census

  • Census conducted in Pakistan

  • Usage of Data collected during Census


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Agriculture , Live -stock and Fishing,


  • New dimensions of Development (E-Commerce, IT hubs)


Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


SNC - Pakistan Studies Grade (11-12) Curriculum Template



DOMAIN: Historical background of Pakistan (Awaiting Completion)

Standard: Exploring History with a different angle


Benchmark

Developing understanding about the Historical Personalities with a different perspective

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Using Primary resources (Historical pictures, speeches, Newspaper articles) to discuss Pakistans Trajectory as an independent state




Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Iqbals Poetry his vision for a separate state for Muslims in India (Whole text of his Allahabad address and extract from his poetry)


  • Quaids Constitutional role in making and governance of Pakistan (text of Pakistan Resolution and his speech extract)

  • Evolution of Ideology of Pakistan (Past and Present)


  • Constitutional amendments to the 1973 constitution.

  • Islamic sections in constitutions of Pakistan.


  • Pakistans concept as a Welfare state since 1947.(provision of basic rights as citizens)

  • Setting up good Governance and administration by Hazrat Umar Farooq(RA)

  • Hindrances and solutions for good governance in Pakistan (discuss why good governance is hampered in Pakistan due to lack of commitment etc)

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


DOMAIN: International Monetary Organisations and Pakistan (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

Economy of Pakistan and their increasing influence

Benchmark

Analysing the role of Monetary organisations into Pakistani Politics

Generating discussion about Pakistans emergence as Nuclear power

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • International Monetary Organisations

  • IMF

  • World Bank

  • Impact of these Organisations on Pakistans economy.

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • International Trade

  • WTO, Trade barriers, Depreciation and appreciation of currency)

  • Nuclear capability and deterrence

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities


DOMAIN: Human Geography (Awaiting Completion)

Standard:

Discussion about National issues of Pakistan

Benchmark

Generating awareness about the social issues of Pakistan and making efforts to suggest solutions to these issues. (learn from primary resources like news-papers, magazine article)

Student Learning Outcomes


Knowledge:

Students will know about ...

  • Child Labour


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  • .


  • Illiteracy

  • Terrorism, Counterterrorism and Law Enforcement Abuses


  • Women abuse

  • Water scarcity


  • Drug abuse


  • The melting Glaciers and Rivers in Pakistan

Assessments

Formative Assessments:

  • Students learning / understanding will be assessed on the basis of their responses during lesson

  • Worksheets, Short questions


Summative Assessments:

  • Monthly assessments, Term wise examination, Mid-Year and End of Year Examination.


Learning Activities