Welcome to the Single National Curriculum (SNC) Feedback Portal.

Here you will find a DRAFT version of updates to the curriculum for ECCE to Grade 12. Please give your feedback on all material shared.

After feedback is incorporated, SNC for Grades 6-8 will be notified for implementation in the Academic Year starting in 2022. First round of feedback for these grades is due on December 20, 2021.

An updated curriculum for ECCE to Grade 5 and for Grades 9-12 will be notified later, for implementation in the Academic Year starting 2023.



SNC - English (Grades 9-10) - Curriculum



DOMAIN 1: Oral Communication Skills

Standard #1: Students will be able to develop and practise listening attitudes and behaviours to listen to, comprehend, and respond to a variety of speech types. They will use appropriate social, creative, and academic conventions of spoken discourse for effective oral communication with individuals and in groups, in both formal and informal settings for various purposes and real-world applications.

Student Learning Outcomes: Speak confidently, audibly and effectively by using conventions of spoken word in Standard English when the context and audience require it.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. The varying spoken communication methodologies that can be employed in different situations for the most effective results and conclusions.

Students will know...


  1. Oral functions to share, receive, and modify information, ideas, opinions, and perspectives.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use oral functions to clarify, rephrase, explain, expand and restate information and ideas.

  2. Use sentences for different communicative purpose.

  3. Give reasons to express satisfaction/dissatisfaction, approval/disapproval.

  4. Modify in speech a statement made by a peer.

  5. Orally define more sensitive expression of personal needs, feelings, emotions and ideas.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities


Student Learning Outcomes: Learning and practising etiquettes of speech, listening to and building on the contributions of others, asking questions to clarify and inform, and challenging courteously when necessary.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Etiquettes and mannerisms that can be used, changed, and adapted to specific requirements.


Students will know...


  1. Speaking styles, body language, and codes of dress and posture that best convey their intent and purpose.

  2. Appropriate means of communication through which they can offer their opinions and value those of others.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Exhibit appropriate etiquettes of interacting with peers for varying purposes.

  2. Ask effective questions to gather further knowledge and information.

  3. Question difference in perspectives.

  4. Comment on the observations and ideas shared by others.

  5. Use effective speaking style as well as apt body language, dress and posture.

  6. Exhibit appropriate conventions of interruption.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Leading and managing discussions and debates, involving others productively in conversations, reviewing and summarising listening texts.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Importance of stance, claims, counterclaims, evidence, and other conventions of fair debating that can lead to cohesion and clarity.


Students will know...


  1. Techniques to lead, influence, and conclude discussions.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Strategically use digital media and visual displays of data to express and share information/ideas.

  2. Conduct effective research.

  3. Probe into the deeper analysis of topics at hand and provide satisfactory resolutions.

  4. Channel the conversation back on the topic as needed.

  5. Review key ideas and display understanding of multiple perspectives.

  6. Compare, contrast and recount discussions to reach consensus.

  7. Weigh a speakers argument and specific claims.

  8. Distinguish claims from alternate or opposing claims, and creating an oragnised understanding of relationship between claims.

  9. Assess a speakers argument, distinguishing claims from counterclaims and the reasoning and evidence present for both.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Organising information and ideas effectively and persuasively for formal spoken presentations, speeches, and individual reviewing sessions.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Orally reviewing, revising, and delegating roles that are essential for the attainment of tasks and assignments.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Progress towards specific goals and deadlines after discussion and revision of roles as needed.

  2. Communicate their point of view.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Improvising, rehearsing and performing play scripts and poetry in order to generate language and discuss language use and meaning, using role, intonation, tone, volume, mood, silence, stillness and action to add impact for understanding a variety of listening texts.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Filtering practices to distinguish the crux of information shared with other supplementary data.

Students will know...

  1. Comparison standards against which to gauge and evaluate spoken text and literature.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Identify the main ideas and supporting detail in spoken texts.

  2. Analyse and discuss the main ideas in diverse media and formats.

  3. Clarify a topic, text, or issue after studying various types of learned phrases to convey specific meanings.

  4. Show understanding of listening texts and media by summarising, analysing, and evaluating facts and ideas.

  5. Show comprehension of listening texts and media by recounting, comparing and contrasting elements from other sources.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




DOMAIN 2: Reading and Critical Thinking

Standard #1: Use knowledge, skills, and strategies related to word identification, decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension to construct meaning from informational and literary texts, while maintaining a positive disposition towards reading.

Student Learning Outcomes: Learn and apply learned word building strategies for fluency in writing as well as proficiency in written expression.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Differences in the way words are formed and pronounced.

  2. Reading purposes that support understanding of various types of texts in all genres.


Students will know...


  1. The effect rate, tone, and expression have in reading and searching for meaning in texts read.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to accurately read unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

  2. Read aloud with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

  3. Read grade-level texts with purpose and understanding.

  4. Read grade-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

  5. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

  6. Recognize and use all forms of punctuation (e.g., ellipses, dashes) to aid comprehension.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Standard #2: Appreciate, comprehend, analyse, and critique fiction and non-fiction literary texts (prose as in novels and short stories, poetry as in poems and song lyrics, plays, screenplays, academic and personal essays, and biography types) and informational texts (that employ expository, persuasive, procedural, and functional styles of writing). And use a variety of reading strategies appropriate to the reading purpose and type of text.

Student Learning Outcomes: Read in different ways for different purposes, summarising and synthesising ideas and information, and evaluating their usefulness for particular purposes.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Note taking as a strategy to map the progression of longer texts.

  2. The importance of introductions, conclusions, and careful organisation of paragraphs.

  3. Questioning as a technique to gather further information.

  4. Organisational methods such as tables of content, headings and captions.

  5. Features of a text such as headers and footnotes, prefaces and appendixes.

  6. Analysis as a means to delve deeper into the surface meaning of texts.

  7. Summarising as a means to deliver information in a concise manner.

  8. Paraphrasing as a means to deliver information in ones own words.

  9. Synthesis as a means to combine information for maximum coherence.


Students will know...


  1. Interpretation skills.

  2. Integration skills.

  3. Inferential skills.

  4. Analytical skills.

  5. Higher critical thinking.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Preview the conclusions of articles and reports, and citations of interest.

  2. Make predictions or ask questions based on the literary genre, author, type of publication, and/or prior knowledge of the topic or reading context.

  3. Ask and answer higher-order questions to guide/assess

  4. Take notes while reading to support comprehension and thinking.

  5. Facilitate reading and understanding through contextual clues.

  6. Make predictions based on contextual clues.

  7. Make predictions through patterns and relationship of ideas.

  8. Skim for the gist/main idea of the text.

  9. Scan for details.

  10. Sequence more complex details (in chronological or spatial order).

  11. Distinguish cause from effect, fact from opinion.

  12. Categorise and classify given details.

  13. Compare and contrast ideas.

  14. Analyse organisational patterns in a text.

  15. Make inferences to draw conclusions from contextual information.

  16. Identify different points of view (e.g., first person, third person).

  17. Interpret and integrate information from a variety of sources.

  18. Ask a variety of questions at different levels.

  19. Formulate questions to guide research.

  20. Gather information independently from a range of print and non-print sources.

  21. Select and evaluate relevant information from various sources for defined information needs.

  22. Paraphrase information or ideas.

  23. Summarise ideas.

  24. Identify the purpose and audience of texts read or viewed.

  25. Identify and analyse techniques in written texts.

  26. Establish criteria for responding to written and visual texts.

  27. Synthesise information using a variety of organisational patterns.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Read a wide range of high-quality, challenging, classic literature and extended literary non-fiction, such as essays, reviews and journalism for enjoyment, generating interest, and knowledge.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Citation methodologies and formats.

  2. Thematic concerns across texts.

  3. The features of a prose text.

  4. The features of poetry.

  5. The features of an information text.

  6. Analytical conventions for gauging further knowledge about a text and the authors meaning.

  7. Tools used to convey meaning in writing.

  8. Language as well as figurative language and the differences between the two.

  9. The purposes and effects of different kinds of writing.

  10. The distinguishing elements between varying genres of writing.

  11. Elements of storytelling such as plot, characters, dialogues, conflict, climax, and resolution.


Students will know...


  1. How to choose and read books independently for challenge, interest and enjoyment.


Skills:

Students will be able to...

  1. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis.

  2. Identify similar themes across texts and apply this knowledge to interpret what is read.

  3. Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact.

  4. For prose texts, recognise the interaction between plot structures.

  5. Identify the common conventions in drama.

  6. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings.

  7. Analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

  8. Show awareness of how the writers use of language varies according to the purpose and audience for the writing.

  9. Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

  10. Relate the setting, mood and tone of the text through use of language, figurative devices, and punctuation.

  11. Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version.

  12. Identify and compare specific characteristics among different genres of literature.

  13. Identify the speaker of the poem/story and their narrative voice.

  14. Identify and compare specific characteristics among different genres of literature.

  15. Consider the layout of texts to identify typographical and visual features.

  16. Identify text features.

  17. Formulate response on the text read by making predictions about the content of a text.

  18. Explain whether predictions about the content of a text are acceptable or should be modified and why.

  19. Identify and interpret the evidence in arguments.

  20. Use logic in understanding, analysing and evaluating a text read.

  21. Recognise how the writers use of persuasive language varies according to the purpose and audience for the writing to achieve impact.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Make critical comparisons, referring to the contexts, themes, characterisation, style and literary quality of texts, and drawing on knowledge and skills from wider reading.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Drawing on knowledge of the purpose, audience for and context of the writing, including its social, historical and cultural context and the literary tradition to which it belongs, to inform evaluation.

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  1. Read and view, demonstrating the ability to discriminate among a variety of reading age-appropriate and more thought-provoking books.

  2. Read texts of different genres, from print and non-print sources, as an integral part of daily life.

  3. Question, research, and gather the meanings and purposes behind a variety of texts.


Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Comprehend the explicit and implicit meaning in texts read and make an informed personal response, recognising that other responses to a text are also possible and evaluating these.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Forming and sharing opinions as a vital part of self-expression.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Re-read and review parts of a text/book.

  2. Present a critical response.

  3. Present a critical commentary based on a set of criteria.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




DOMAIN 3: Vocabulary and Grammar

Standard #1: Use vocabulary accurately and appropriately as well as understand how speakers and writers alike put words together and use them alongside grammar to communicate meaning effectively and achieve impact.

Student Learning Outcomes: Draw on new vocabulary from their reading and listening, and using it consciously in their writing and speech to achieve particular effects.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Vocabulary as a means to convey particular types of information, ideas, and opinions for varying intents and purposes in both formal and informal settings.


Students will know...


  1. The conventions of word choice and building in order to best communicate their meaning in both speech and writing.

  2. How to interpret what is heard and read through analysis of vocabulary as a link to meaning.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use words appropriate to type of texts, medium, and register.

  2. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech.

  3. Consult general and specialized reference materials.

  4. Recognise and use antithetical pairs to emphasize a concept, idea, or conclusion.

  5. Comprehend and use idioms, proverbs, and symbolism in speech and writing.

  6. Understand and utilize further types of figurative language.

  7. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

  8. Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

  9. Learn to check spelling accuracy independently by using print and/or non-print resources.

  10. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English spelling when writing.

  11. Explore the use of synonyms with varying shades of meaning used for various purposes.

  12. Determine the meaning of various homographs and choose the correct one to relay proper meaning and context.

  13. Recognise capitonym conventions.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Standard #2: Understand and use punctuation, syntax, grammatical functions, rules and further applications of grammatical concepts to develop accuracy and meaning in their written communication.

Student Learning Outcomes: Consolidate and build on their knowledge of grammar and vocabulary through studying their effectiveness and impact in the texts they read.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Grammatical conventions as a means to clarify, compliment, and supplement information, ideas, and opinions already being expressed in words at an age and grade appropriate level.



Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Identify, understand, analyse, evaluate, and edit grammatical functions such as:

  1. Nouns,

  2. Pronouns,

  3. Articles of Nouns,

  4. Doing Words (Verbs),

  5. Describing Words (Adjectives),

  6. Adverbs and Adverbials,

  7. Noun and Verb Phrases,

  8. Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases,

  9. Conjunctions,

  10. Transitional Devices,

  11. Tenses.

  1. Use learned grammatical functions to differentiate their writing and writing styles for all intents and purposes.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Analyse how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of ideas.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Syntax and sentence construction.

  2. Various tenses for correct reference.

  3. Conditionals as added extension of tenses.



Skills:

Students will be able to...

  1. Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.

  2. Understand that conditionals are statements that are carried out when certain criteria are met.

  3. Evaluate a conditional statement and predict the outcome, given an input.

  4. Write conditional statements, defining criteria for certain actions.

  5. Understand and use reported speech for statements with or without tense change.

  6. Change sentence type.

  7. Illustrate use of tenses learnt earlier at an age and grade appropriate level:

  • Simple Past

  • Simple Present

  • Past Continuous

  • Present Perfect

  • Past Perfect

  • Present Perfect Continuous

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Use punctuation marks correctly and identify and explain punctuation usage in their reading and writing tasks.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Punctuation as a key skill in writing and communicating meaning.

  2. Punctuation as a means to correctly read and interpret meaning in a written or oral text.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Identify, understand, use, analyse, evaluate, edit, and comment on various usage of previously learned and new punctuation marks such as:

  1. Commas,

  2. Quotation Marks,

  3. Dashes,

  4. Hyphens,

  5. Parenthesis,

  6. Colons,

  7. Semi-Colons,

  8. Ellipses.

  1. Proofread written word for faulty use of punctuation.

  2. Gather explicit and implicit meanings through the use of punctuation marks in speech and writing.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




DOMAIN 4: Writing Skills

Standard #1: Develop writing readiness for a range of purposes in various writing categories, through written expression, accuracy in letter/word formation, and spelling.

Student Learning Outcomes: Adapt their writing for a wide range of purposes and audiences: to describe, narrate, explain, instruct, give and respond to information, and argue.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. The intent, purpose, and prerequisites set for academic and creative writing.

  2. The difference between free and directed writing.

  3. Genres of writing that can be best used for effective communication and creative expositions.


Students will know...


  1. Different categories of writing:

  • Expository Writing,

  • Argumentative/Persuasive Writing,

  • Narrative Writing,

  • Descriptive Writing.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Select literary or informational topics of increasing complexity.

  2. Write multiple paragraphs on a single topic.

  3. Express feelings and thoughts through freewriting on self-selected topics, using selected emotive/sensory details.

  4. Develop characterisation in a narrative using literary techniques.

  5. Select and use language for effect to create/recount, describe experiences/events/topics and/or persuade the reader to accept the writers point of view/proposed action, e.g., through appropriate and varied:

  • Sentence lengths and structures

  • Vocabulary

  • Sound devices

  • Typographical and visual features

  • Literary language

  1. Write an argument or persuade by presenting, explaining and justifying own of view/proposed action, so as to persuade the reader to accept the point of view or action.

  2. Write and narrate situations, express feelings and convey points of view about the world and/or fictional worlds.

  3. Write a vivid essay, describing with selected factual/sensory details the setting, experiences or series of events.

  4. Write informal and formal letters to people in extended social and academic environment for various purposes.

  5. Write a formal and/or informal letter for various purposes in both formal and informal settings.

  6. Write a poem in multiple stanzas telling a story or otherwise.

  7. Express feelings and thoughts, and/or experiment with sound, images and language.

  8. Write an essay or a narrative to compare persons, objects and places, also describing characters with elaboration to convey.

  9. Write a paragraph of free writing as well as directed writing in each category of academic and creative writing.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




Student Learning Outcomes: Make notes, draft and write, including using information provided by others, such as in the form of Directed Writing.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. The importance of making notes to facilitate remembrance and understanding.

  2. The effectiveness in using brainstorming and mind mapping techniques to present information, ideas, and opinions in a coherent and organised fashion.


Students will know...


  1. How to support main points with supporting detail.



Skills:

Students will be able to...

  1. Employ techniques for brainstorming, mind mapping, and note taking.

  2. Plan how to support the key message of a text with factual/descriptive details.

  3. Add adequate supporting detail to the main idea.


Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Structure and restructure writing, and amending its grammar and vocabulary to improve coherence, consistency, clarity and overall effectiveness.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Choosing the correct vocabulary, sentence type, tone, register, and written expression for various types of writing purposes in both formal and informal settings.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use accurate and consistent spelling to age-/ year level-appropriate high-frequency words.

  2. Use accurate and consistent spelling for non-decodable words, function words and high-interest words.

  3. Use print and non-print resources and look up words in a dictionary or in a word processing software.

  4. Generate and select ideas for writing.

  5. Represent ideas for a variety of purposes, audiences, contexts and cultures.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Select and organise ideas, facts and key points, and cite evidence, details and quotation effectively and pertinently for support and emphasis.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Multiple requirements for academic writing and how to ensure their compliance.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Highlight direct quotes, opinions, information from researches, and empirical data in quotation marks to ensure proper referencing in writing.

  2. Use key words, phrases or clauses to introduce the main idea in a paragraph.

  3. Elaborate on, explain and/or justify the main idea of a paragraph.

  4. Add personal opinion and critique.

  5. Review, revise and proofread a paragraph to ensure that it follows a set criteria.

  6. Use chronological/sequential/ spatial order of arranging detail, and ensure coherence in writing.

  7. Use paraphrasing skills to paraphrase stanzas in a poem.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




SNC - English (Grades 11-12) - Curriculum



DOMAIN 1: Oral Communication Skills

Standard #1: Students will be able to develop and practise listening attitudes and behaviours to listen to, comprehend, and respond to a variety of speech types. They will use appropriate social, creative, and academic conventions of spoken discourse for effective oral communication with individuals and in groups, in both formal and informal settings for various purposes and real-world applications.

Student Learning Outcomes: Speak confidently, audibly and effectively by using conventions of spoken word in Standard English when the context and audience require it.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Communicative functions suited for a range of situations and requirements.

  2. Reasoning methodologies to best present their perspectives and ideas.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use oral functions to clarify, rephrase, explain, expand and restate information and ideas.

  2. Use sentences for different communicative purpose.

  3. Give reasons for analysis, inference, and organisation of material in regards with the purpose and audience.

  4. Use sentences to prove learned communicative abilities for various reasons and purposes.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities


Student Learning Outcomes: Learning and practising etiquettes of speech, listening to and building on the contributions of others, asking questions to clarify and inform, and challenging courteously when necessary.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. The value in difference of opinion and to share and receive them orally in a manner that brings people together.

  2. Subtlety in speech and communication.

Students will know...

  1. Investigation techniques that allow them to gather the most information, ideas, and opinions regarding a topic or issue.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Evaluate the opinions of peers and use clear and polite mannerisms to question and modify them.

  2. Pose questions that highlight the difference in perspectives.

  3. Negotiate difference in perspectives with sensitivity.

  4. Reach group consensus.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Leading and managing discussions and debates, involving others productively in conversations, reviewing and summarising listening texts.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Relevant familiarity with audio and visual aids that compliment speech and ones point of view.

  2. Transcription as a way to record what is heard and spoken.

Students will know...

  1. Coherency as a means to present arguments and accommodate those forwarded by others.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Communicate information, ideas, and opinions by observing the use of a range of audio-visual aids and social norms of interaction.

  2. Conduct effective research.

  3. Provide elaborate analysis and resolutions on the topic under discussion.

  4. Transcribe spoken conversations and discussions with efficiency.

  5. Present arguments, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner.

  6. Debate with confidence and provide sound valid reasoning, and consistent and logical organization of ideas to support their stance.

  7. Evaluate a speakers argument and specific claims, pointing out the strengths and limitations for them in a manner that accommodates the audiences knowledge and concern.

  8. Maintain a formal style and objective tone while creating cohesion and providing a concluding statement that follows and supports the argument.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Organising information and ideas effectively and persuasively for formal spoken presentations, speeches, and individual reviewing sessions.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Progression towards a professional, academic, or personal goal through reassessment, review, and modification of roles.

  2. Specific criteria for speech and listening wherever necessary.

Students will know...

  1. A variety of presentational styles for multiple purposes.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Progress towards specific goals and deadlines after review under pre-developed student/teacher criteria and modification of opinions and reasons.

  2. Review, paraphrase, and summarise key ideas.

  3. Assess in speech the probability concerning certain goals.

  4. Incorporate more creative presentational styles.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Improvising, rehearsing and performing play scripts and poetry in order to generate language and discuss language use and meaning, using role, intonation, tone, volume, mood, silence, stillness and action to add impact for understanding a variety of listening texts.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Tracing complexities in spoken texts and literature to better understand the explicit and implicit meaning behind words.

Students will know...

  1. How to develop personal opinions and present them to an audience or peers for the analysis of certain topics, issues, and texts.

Skills:

Students will be able to...

  1. Analyse, evaluate and discuss the main ideas presented in diverse media and formats.

  2. Clarify a topic, spoken text, or issue under study by using accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level.

  3. Employ parallel structures in speech.

  4. Show understanding of listening texts and media by gathering, evaluating, selecting and synthesising facts and ideas.

  5. Show comprehension of listening texts and media by developing likes, dislikes, and expressing personal opinion what is read and heard.

  6. Take up a ‘voice or present a dramatic monologue.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




DOMAIN 2: Reading and Critical Thinking

Standard #1: Use knowledge, skills, and strategies related to word identification, decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension to construct meaning from informational and literary texts, while maintaining a positive disposition towards reading.

Student Learning Outcomes: Learn and apply learned word building strategies for fluency in writing as well as proficiency in written expression.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Differences in the way words are formed and pronounced.

  2. Reading purposes that support understanding of various types of texts in all genres.


Students will know...


  1. The effect rate, tone, and expression have in reading and searching for meaning in texts read.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to accurately read unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

  2. Read aloud with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

  3. Read grade-level texts with purpose and understanding.

  4. Read grade-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

  5. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

  6. Recognize and use all forms of punctuation (e.g., ellipses, dashes) to aid comprehension.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Standard #2: Appreciate, comprehend, analyse, and critique fiction and non-fiction literary texts (prose as in novels and short stories, poetry as in poems and song lyrics, plays, screenplays, academic and personal essays, and biography types) and informational texts (that employ expository, persuasive, procedural, and functional styles of writing). And use a variety of reading strategies appropriate to the reading purpose and type of text.

Student Learning Outcomes: Read in different ways for different purposes, summarising and synthesising ideas and information, and evaluating their usefulness for particular purposes.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Note taking as a strategy to map the progression of longer texts.

  2. The importance of introductions, conclusions, and careful organisation of paragraphs.

  3. Questioning as a technique to gather further information.

  4. Organisational methods such as tables of content, headings and captions.

  5. Features of a text such as headers and footnotes, prefaces and appendixes.

  6. Analysis as a means to delve deeper into the surface meaning of texts.

  7. Summarising as a means to deliver information in a concise manner.

  8. Paraphrasing as a means to deliver information in ones own words.

  9. Synthesis as a means to combine information for maximum coherence.


Students will know...


  1. Interpretation skills.

  2. Integration skills.

  3. Inferential skills.

  4. Analytical skills.

  5. Higher critical thinking.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Preview the conclusions of articles and reports, and citations of interest.

  2. Make predictions or ask questions based on the literary genre, author, type of publication, and/or prior knowledge of the topic or reading context.

  3. Ask and answer higher-order questions to guide/assess

  4. Take notes while reading to support comprehension and thinking.

  5. Facilitate reading and understanding through contextual clues.

  6. Make predictions based on contextual clues.

  7. Make predictions through patterns and relationship of ideas.

  8. Skim for the gist/main idea of the text.

  9. Scan for details.

  10. Sequence more complex details (in chronological or spatial order).

  11. Distinguish cause from effect, fact from opinion.

  12. Categorise and classify given details.

  13. Compare and contrast ideas.

  14. Analyse organisational patterns in a text.

  15. Make inferences to draw conclusions from writers viewpoints and implied information.

  16. Identify different points of view (e.g., first person, third person).

  17. Interpret and integrate information from a variety of sources.

  18. Ask a variety of questions at different levels.

  19. Formulate questions to guide research.

  20. Gather information independently from a range of print and non-print sources.

  21. Select and evaluate relevant information from various sources for defined information needs.

  22. Paraphrase information or ideas.

  23. Summarise ideas.

  24. Identify the purpose and audience of texts read or viewed.

  25. Identify and analyse techniques in written texts.

  26. Establish criteria for responding to written and visual texts.

  27. Synthesise information using a variety of organisational patterns.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Read a wide range of high-quality, challenging, classic literature and extended literary non-fiction, such as essays, reviews and journalism for enjoyment, generating interest, and knowledge.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Citation methodologies and formats.

  2. Thematic concerns across texts.

  3. The features of a prose text.

  4. The features of poetry.

  5. The features of an information text.

  6. Analytical conventions for gauging further knowledge about a text and the authors meaning.

  7. Tools used to convey meaning in writing.

  8. Language as well as figurative language and the differences between the two.

  9. The purposes and effects of different kinds of writing.

  10. The distinguishing elements between varying genres of writing.

  11. Elements of storytelling such as plot, characters, dialogues, conflict, climax, and resolution.


Students will know...


  1. How to choose and read books independently for challenge, interest and enjoyment.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis.

  2. Analyse similar themes across texts and apply this knowledge to interpret what is read.

  3. Analyse how particular elements of a story or drama interact.

  4. For prose texts, recognise the interaction between plot structures.

  5. Identify the common conventions in drama.

  6. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings.

  7. Analyse the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

  8. Show awareness of how the writers use of language varies according to the purpose and audience for the writing.

  9. Analyse how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

  10. Relate the setting, mood and tone of the text through use of language, figurative devices, and punctuation.

  11. Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version.

  12. Identify and compare specific characteristics among different genres of literature.

  13. Identify the speaker of the poem/story and their narrative voice.

  14. Identify and compare specific characteristics among different genres of literature.

  15. Consider the layout of texts to identify typographical and visual features.

  16. Identify text features.

  17. Formulate response on the text read by making predictions about the content of a text.

  18. Explain whether predictions about the content of a text are acceptable or should be modified and why.

  19. Identify and interpret the evidence in arguments.

  20. Use logic in understanding, analysing and evaluating a text read.

  21. Recognise how the writers use of persuasive language varies according to the purpose and audience for the writing to achieve impact.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Make critical comparisons, referring to the contexts, themes, characterisation, style and literary quality of texts, and drawing on knowledge and skills from wider reading.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Drawing on knowledge of the purpose, audience for and context of the writing, including its social, historical and cultural context and the literary tradition to which it belongs, to inform evaluation.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Read and view, demonstrating the ability to discriminate among a variety of reading age-appropriate and more thought-provoking books.

  2. Read texts of different genres, from print and non-print sources, as an integral part of daily life.

  3. Question, research, and gather the meanings and purposes behind a variety of texts.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Comprehend the explicit and implicit meaning in texts read and make an informed personal response, recognising that other responses to a text are also possible and evaluating these.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Forming and sharing opinions as a vital part of self-expression.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Re-read and review parts of a text/book.

  2. Present a critical response.

  3. Present a critical commentary based on a set of criteria.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




DOMAIN 3: Vocabulary and Grammar

Standard #1: Use vocabulary accurately and appropriately as well as understand how speakers and writers alike put words together and use them alongside grammar to communicate meaning effectively and achieve impact.

Student Learning Outcomes: Draw on new vocabulary from their reading and listening, and using it consciously in their writing and speech to achieve particular effects.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Vocabulary as a means to convey particular types of information, ideas, and opinions for varying intents and purposes in personal, academic, and professional settings.


Students will know...


  1. The conventions of word choice and building in order to best communicate their meaning in both speech and writing.

  2. How to interpret what is heard and read through analysis of vocabulary as a link to meaning.

  3. Expression as a construct of correct usage of vocabulary standards.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use words appropriate to type of texts, medium, register, culture, and region.

  2. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech.

  3. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase.

  4. Recognise and further use antithetical pairs to emphasize a concept, idea, or conclusion.

  5. Comprehend and further use idioms, proverbs, and symbolism in speech and writing.

  6. Understand, utilize, and appreciate further types of figurative language as well as poetic devices to understand poetry and prose alike.

  7. Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for writing.

  8. Demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression.

  9. Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

  10. Learn to check spelling accuracy independently by using print and/or non-print resources and make relevant changes.

  11. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English spelling when writing.

  12. Explore the use of synonyms with varying shades of meaning used for various purposes.

  13. Determine the meaning of various homographs and choose the correct one to relay proper meaning and context.

  14. Demonstrate the differences of capitonyms with homograph, capitalizing, and heteronym.

  15. Give an explanation for using capitonyms in writing.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Standard #2: Understand and use punctuation, syntax, grammatical functions, rules and further applications of grammatical concepts to develop accuracy and meaning in their written communication.

Student Learning Outcomes: Consolidate and build on their knowledge of grammar through studying its effectiveness and impact in the texts read.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Grammatical conventions as a means to clarify, compliment, and supplement information, ideas, and opinions already being expressed in words at an age and grade appropriate level.


Students will know...


  1. Rules of grammar to an extent that they can run analysis, proofreading techniques and revision methodologies for copy and developmental editing.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Identify, understand, use, analyse, evaluate, edit, and comment on various grammatical functions such as:

  1. Nouns,

  2. Pronouns,

  3. Articles of Nouns,

  4. Doing Words (Verbs),

  5. Describing Words (Adjectives),

  6. Adverbs and Adverbials,

  7. Noun and Verb Phrases,

  8. Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases,

  9. Conjunctions,

  10. Transitional Devices,

  11. Tenses.

  1. Use learned grammatical functions to differentiate their writing and writing styles for all intents and purposes.

  2. Employ according to the conventions of formal and informal requirements various grammatical concepts suited for the job.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of ideas.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Syntax and sentence construction.

  2. Various tenses for correct reference.

  3. Conditionals as added extension of tenses.




Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.

  2. Understand that conditionals are statements that are carried out when certain criteria are met.

  3. Evaluate a conditional statement and predict the outcome, given an input.

  4. Write conditional statements, defining criteria for certain actions.

  5. Understand and use reported speech for statements with or without tense change.

  6. Change sentence type.

  7. Write conditional statements, defining criteria for certain actions.

  8. Explain the rules for various sentence types and structures.

  9. Illustrate use of tenses learnt earlier at an age and grade appropriate level:

  • Simple Past

  • Simple Present

  • Past Continuous

  • Present Perfect

  • Past Perfect

  • Present Perfect Continuous

  • Future

  • Present Conditional

  • Hypothetical Conditionals

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Use punctuation marks correctly and identify and explain punctuation usage in their reading and writing tasks.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Punctuation as a key skill in writing and communicating meaning.

  2. Punctuation as a means to correctly read and interpret meaning in a written or oral text.

  3. Modes of punctuation to bring differentiated value to simple sentences.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Identify, understand, analyse, evaluate, edit, and comment on various usage of previously learned and new punctuation marks such as:

  1. Commas,

  2. Quotation Marks,

  3. Dashes,

  4. Hyphens,

  5. Parenthesis,

  6. Colons,

  7. Semi-Colons,

  8. Ellipses.

  1. Proofread written word for faulty use of punctuation.

  2. Gather explicit and implicit meanings through the use of punctuation marks in speech and writing.

  3. Use conventions of punctuation marks to supplement their own writing and improve the quality of communication as a whole.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




DOMAIN 4: Writing Skills

Standard #1: Develop writing readiness for a range of purposes in various writing categories, through written expression, accuracy in letter/word formation, and spelling.

Student Learning Outcomes: Adapt their writing for a wide range of purposes and audiences: to describe, narrate, explain, instruct, give and respond to information, and argue.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. The intent, purpose, and prerequisites set for academic and creative writing.

  2. The difference between free and directed writing.

  3. Genres of writing that can be best used for effective communication and creative expositions.


Students will know...


  1. Different categories of writing:

  • Expository Writing,

  • Argumentative/Persuasive Writing,

  • Narrative Writing,

  • Descriptive Writing.

Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Write multiple paragraphs on a single topic.

  2. Develop the plot in a narrative.

  3. Select and use language for effect to create/recount, describe experiences/events/topics and/or persuade the reader to accept the writers point of view/proposed action.

  4. Elaborate on, explain and/or justify the main idea of a paragraph by providing relevant factual, descriptive, emotive or sensory details and/or examples.

  5. Write an argument or persuade by presenting, explaining and justifying own of view/proposed action, so as to persuade the reader to accept the point of view or action.

  6. Write and proficiently narrate situations, express feelings and convey points of view about the world and/or fictional worlds.

  7. Write a vivid essay, describing with selected factual/sensory details the setting, experiences or series of events.

  8. Write informal and formal letters to people in extended social and academic environment for various purposes.

  9. Write a formal letter/email of condolence, or for applying for leave of absence, or requesting provisions or writing about events/occurrences which are a menace to society.

  10. Write a poem in multiple stanzas telling a story or otherwise.

  11. Express feelings and thoughts, and/or experiment with sound, images and language.

  12. Use paraphrasing skills to paraphrase stanzas in a poem and synthesise the content for each to create an overall understanding of the poem read.

  13. Write an essay or a narrative to compare persons, objects and places.

  14. Write a paragraph of free writing.

  15. Write a paragraph of directed writing in each category of academic and creative writing, i.e., expository, argumentative/persuasive, descriptive and narrative.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities




Student Learning Outcomes: Make notes, draft and write, including using information provided by others, such as in the form of Directed Writing.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. The importance of making notes to facilitate remembrance and understanding.

  2. The effectiveness in using brainstorming and mind mapping techniques to present information, ideas, and opinions in a coherent and organised fashion.


Students will know...


  1. How to support main points with supporting detail.

  2. How to develop a trend of thought, stance, or idea through supporting detail and evidence.



Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Ensure coherence in a text by selecting organisational patterns appropriate to purpose, audience, context and culture.

  2. Integrate selected visual and/or audio resources that enhance the clarity of the intended meaning.

  3. Express feelings and thoughts through freewriting on self-selected topics, using selected emotive/sensory details.

  4. Develop characterisation in a narrative using literary techniques.

  5. Use chronological/sequential/ spatial order of arranging detail, and ensure coherence in writing.

  6. Use language signals to help the reader follow the development of ideas and/ or line of argument.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Structure and restructure writing, and amending its grammar and vocabulary to improve coherence, consistency, clarity and overall effectiveness.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...


  1. Choosing the correct vocabulary, sentence type, tone, register, and written expression for various types of writing purposes in both formal and informal settings.

  2. Keeping in mind the social, cultural and even historical context of information, ideas, and opinions when writing to safeguard correct choice of diction, grammar and punctuation, and other conventions of written communication.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Use accurate and consistent spelling to age-/ year level-appropriate high-frequency words.

  2. Use new vocabulary, keeping grammatical conventions in mind, following rules of syntax and tenses.

  3. Generate and select ideas for writing.

  4. Represent ideas for a variety of purposes, audiences, contexts and cultures after brainstorming, structuring, mind mapping, note-taking.

  5. Select literary or informational topics of increasing complexity, added to a higher level of argumentative/persuasive writing.

  6. Use key words, phrases or clauses to introduce the main idea in a paragraph.


Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities



Student Learning Outcomes: Select and organise ideas, facts and key points, and cite evidence, details and quotation effectively and pertinently for support and emphasis.

Knowledge:

Students will understand...

  1. Multiple requirements for academic writing and how to ensure their compliance.

  2. Citations as a means to sythesise with their own work the opinions of others without plagiarism.

  3. Reviewing, proofreading, and editing techniques that will ensure perfection in writing and communication as a whole.


Skills:

Students will be able to...


  1. Support ideas and points of view in a text.

  2. Add adequate supporting detail to the main idea.

  3. Use appropriate cohesive devices.

  4. Add personal opinion and critique.

  5. Highlight direct quotes, opinions, information from researches, and empirical data in quotation marks to ensure proper referencing in writing, and build a reference page for theses.

  6. Review, revise and proofread a paragraph to ensure that it has a topic sentence, supporting sentences, uses transition words to establish connection, includes an introductory and closing sentence, and has correct grammar, spelling and punctuation.

Assessments

Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Learning Activities